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How to raise pigs at home: tips, permits, recommended nutrition and all the useful information for raising a pig for family use.
You do not need permits to raise pigs at home, it will only be necessary to carry out the correct report. Who intendsraise pigsin your garden or courtyard, will have to provideregistrationatAnimal Serviceof the competent local health authority. Registration must take place within 20 days of the pig's arrival on your property!
"Family use" pig farms cannot have more than 4 pigs and no more than 3 pigs can be slaughtered per year. As is clear, howeverraising pigs at homeno permits are required, but a simple registration will suffice. The ASL will have to be involved again at the time of slaughter, which will send a veterinarian to check the meat. If the registration of the pig is free, the cost for the slaughter request amounts to 40 euros.
The beginning of the breeding
To start a family farm, we recommend purchasing a pig weighing around 30 - 35 kg, i.e. a pig born 14 - 18 weeks old. At the same time as the pig arrives at the house, you must register with the local ASL but, even before the pig arrives, it will be necessary to set up an enclosure with a sheltered shelter. The pig needs a shelter covered and closed on all sides, with a comfortable opening and easy access. In addition to the classic manger, you can provide the water supply of thepigusing devices to be connected directly to the water supply: it will be the same pig to activate it when needed! If the cutting has no water connection, you will be forced to add water daily with the classic drinking trough.
Make sure that the shelter is always dry and supply new straw, especially when the cold arrives. In general, it is recommended to buy a pig in the spring and then slaughter it the following winter. The peasant tradition has it that the slaughter falls close to the Christmas period.
When carrying out the recitation and shelter, prepare an appropriate slope so as to allow the drainage of waste water and avoid stagnation of rainwater.
How to raise pigs at home, nutrition
Who is going to raising a pig at home, he must know that he cannot limit himself to feeding it with garden scraps and kitchen scraps. A pig eats a lot! Do not worry, the mixes for feeding pork are not very expensive.
Given that the pig arrives in your yard weighing 30 - 35 kg, keep in mind that until it reaches the weight of about 50 kg you will have to feed it with mixtures consisting of 27% of proteins combined with the same amount of cereal mixtures. The pig is in full growth so the mixes must be administered at will at this stage.
When the pig has reached 50 kg and until it reaches the quintal, you can make its feeding more complex. In this phase, the pig develops the skeletal and digestive systems: you give the pig a food mixture consisting of a commercial protein core (always 27% protein), bran and cereals.
For the percentages, combine 65% of farm cereals, 27% of commercial protein core and 8% of bran. Keep in mind that the recommended dose is 1.5 - 2 kg of this mixture per day for each pig raised. At this stage, it is recommended to supplement the diet described above with garden waste, in particular fruit, vegetables and waste vegetables and many forages.
When the pig has reached 100 kg, it will have already developed the entire digestive system and bone tissues. In this phase, foods intended for fattening are administered. The feed to be used for pork includes a mixture given by:
- 74% of farm cereals
- 17% commercial protein core
- 9% bran
The recommended dose for each pig is 3 kg of mixture per day.
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