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How to take care of a Bonsai: pruning, stapling, repotting and allcareto be allocated tobonsai.
Let's clarify one thing immediately, thebonsaiit is not a plant but an art, the art of cultivating miniatures of trees, developing the root system in a small pot. Everybonsaiit's different. If you've just bought one, you should be sure about the type ofplantthat you bought. Yeah, that little tree, before being abonsaiit is a plant that has specific climatic, brightness, water and nutritional needs.
Typically, ibonsaithe most widespread are also the mosteasy to grow, care and maintain. If you have just bought aindoor bonsai, you probably got:
- Crassula Bonsai
- Privet Bonsai
- Carmona Bonsai (Fukien Tea)
- Bonsai Schefflera arboricola (Hawaiian Umbrella)
- Bonsai Segeretia
Guidelines for growing bonsai
Granted that you have toalwaysgrow bonsaitaking into account the specific needs of the species you bought, however, there are general guidelines to apply tocultivationof allindoor bonsai.
How much water to give
The sapling should be kepthumid.Even thebonsaimore resistant does not like drought! Be careful not to create stagnation and to administer the right amount of water because the bonsai pot is much smaller than the pots of classic ornamental plants.
In winter, when you turn on the radiators at home, thebonsaiit should be placed in a further, deeper pot where you have placed a layer of clay or gravel to keep moist.
Where to grow bonsai
THEindoor bonsai, often, they can be placed outside in the hottest season of the year. Generally ibonsaithey should be placed in the brightest areas of the house but not close to a window where the scorching sun beats strongly during the hottest hours of the day.
The best temperature is around 20 ° C.
The placement of thebonsai it can also be changed during the year. For example, in winter you can move plants close to south-facing windows but in summer such a position would be detrimental.
Green light to east or west exposures. In the north, the bonsai would risk receiving little light.
Make sure yoursindoor bonsaireceive at least 4 - 6 hours of light per day.
Fertilizer for bonsai
The fertilizer should be administered twice a month from spring to autumn. The frequency becomes monthly (once a month) in the winter period.
Repotting a bonsai
Repotting should be done almost always in early spring, except for a few specimens such as the Chinese elm (Japanese elm) which requires early repotting (towards the end of February).
Styles, Ligatures and prunings
The hardest thing about thecultivationof abonsai, It's not a lotwhen and how muchirrigating is not the type of soil to use or the right fertilizer… the hardest thing isshape the plant.
Shaping abonsaiit requires the greatest investment in terms of commitment and patience. With thepruningnot only do you go toto containthe native form of thebonsaibut the tiny little tree in miniature can also be modified over the years.
We talk about spinningorbindingto intertwine the branches or to create a "C" curve of the main trunk or one of the branches. With thebindingand thepruningdifferent styles can be given to plants.
For eachbonsai, the shape must be chosen based on the characteristics of the plant and the desired effect. Cultivation styles of the bonsaithere are many, to name a few: inverted broom (hokidachi), informal style (moyogi), on rock (ishizuki), wood (yose-uè), multiple trunk (kabudachi), prostrate or semi cascade (hankeniani), cascade ( Kenyans) and raft. The ligaturesand thebonsai pruningthey must shape the small tree but always following the characteristics of the plant as much as possible so as to cultivate a bonsaihealthy and strong.
For style and ligatures, there are endless manuals and the most important means of learning is practice. In order not to leave you in trouble, we recommend the bookBonsai. Styles, binding and pruning ".
The book in question is part of the seriesGreen thumbby Giunti Editore. It is a very useful illustrated manual for both those who already grow bonsai and for those who are just starting out (thanks to the illustrations and step-by-step instructions). The book can be bought for 6.72 euros on Amazon, with free shipping costs. For all information, please refer to the page:Bonsai. Styles, ligatures and prunings.
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